Friday, February 3, 2012

HOMA MANTRAS FROM MAHAANAARAAYANA UPANISHAD


HOMA MANTRAS FROM MAHAANAARAAYANA UPANISHAD


(I-DISCOURSE BY N. R. SRINIVASAN, FEBRUARY 2012)

Mahanarayana Upanishad contains some important mantras for performing fire sacrifices (Homas) which are beneficial to all. These are Brahmopasana Homa and Virajahoma. We have already learnt some mantras for offering water oblation to deities during our daily prayers and also mantras offering symbolic oblation to the fire within us Jatharaagni, (stomach fire) before taking meal from this Upanishad.

Brahmopasana Mantra is also called Vyaahriti Homa as this fire sacrifice though aimed at as offerings to Brahman ultimately is offered practically to deities Agni, Vayu and Soorya who are the presiding deities of earth. These oblations are also directed to manes. The mantra Swaahaa is chanted while offering the oblation to divines and the mantra Swadhaa is chanted while offering oblation to the manes (pitrus or deceased parents). These Mantras in essence are directed towards the worship and dedication to Brahman only.

Viraja Homa is an oblation to fire for self-purification from ego. The discourse on Trigunas elaborates on the influence of Gunas over souls which come in its way for liberation and how to overcome them. Human soul (Atman) is always clouded with different kinds of gunas and struggles hard for its liberation. Progressively it should eliminate Rajas (ego) and Tamas (ignorance) and be influenced only with Satva (noble qualities) guna only. Even this binds the soul to this materialistic world. Hence the soul should even discard this and reach a stage that it has no influence whatsoever from gunas (called gunaateeta state) and all its thoughts are directed only towards Brahman. The manrtras in this homa are very explicit and are meditated upon to get rid of our egos (Rajas), which is the most disturbing factor in human life. Vi-raja means get rid of Egos. Majority of us suffer from our ego that is we are overpowered with Ragjoguna. The mantras are therefore called Virajahoma Mantras.

hese Mantras are also very important to those who seek Sanyaasa that is those who renounce the world. These mantras are chanted in oblations for purification for the purpose of turning into ascetic. The purification that is sought after here is the form of being divested of the fault of indulging in the wrong path (paravrutti). The mantra also refers to Veera-hatya. Veerahataya is the act of renouncing the Agni for becoming an ascetic (Sanyasi). Scriptures (as we have seen in Taittareeya Upanishad farewell address of Gurukula) ordain that one has to lead the householder's life after completion of Vedic studies and serve the society following the path of Dharma. One who renounces the world will be stifling the birth of a valiant son which is considered as Vreera-hatya or killing of the valiant. These mantras are therefore considered as Prayaschittaa (atonement) for giving up the life of a householder. Vedas ordain "Yaavajjeevam Agnihotram juhuyat"—perform all life fire sacrifice stipulated for a married person. Here the one who undertakes Sanyasa is committing the sin by giving up that sacrifice. Hence forward he will not do the fire sacrifice as ordained after turning into ascetic. They will also be not required to do last rites or anniversaries to deceased parents like others as they will be renouncing the world.

 
VI-RAJA-HOMA MANTRAS  (Getting rid of Rajoeguna)


Tilan-juhomi sarasaa(ga)m sapishtaan gandhaara mama chitte ramantu svaahaa |

Oh! Supreme Lord, I offer oblations to the sacred fire delicious sesame seeds (Sesamum Indicum) mixed with some flower. May my mind enjoy the intended Supreme Principle; chanting Svaaha, I offer this oblation.

Gavo hiranyam dhana-mannapaana(ga)m sarveshaa(ga)m sriyai svaahaa |

Oh God! May I obtain with your grace cattle, gold, wealth, food and drink as well as all desired objects, beauty and prosperity; Chanting swaahaa I offer this oblation.

riyam cha lakshmim cha pushtim cha keertim cha anrinyataam | brahmanyam bahuputram | sraddha-medhe prajaas-sandadaatu svaahaa ||

May God grant me royal prosperity, the bliss of freedom, health, noble repute, capacity to pay off debts to Gods, departed souls and sages! May he bless me with qualities and wisdom of learned Brahmins! May he bless me with sons, faithful and intelligent as well as grand-sons!--so chanting Svaaha, I offer this oblation.

Tilah krishnaas-tilaa-svetaas-tilaas-somyaa vasaanugaah | tilaah punantu may paapam yatkinchit-duritam mayi svaahaa ||

Oh God! by your grace may the black sesame sedes, white sesame sedes, healthy sesame sedes and my own sesame sedes cleanse whatever sins of mine there are, or whatever wrong doings I have done—so chanting Svaaha,I offer this oblation.

Chorasya-annam nava-sraaddham brahmahaa gurutalpagah | gosteya(ga)m suraa-paanam bhroona-hatyaa tilaa saanti(gfa)m samayantu svaahaa||

May the sesame seeds  offered remove my sins, such as sins of offering stolen food, dining at a place with the food served in connection with the funeral rites of recently departed individual soul, slaying of a Brahmin (man of wisdom), outraging the preceptor (guru) to dishonor, stealing of cattle, killing a hero or the fetus—so chanting Svaahaa, I offrer this oblation.

Sreescha lakshmees-cha pushtis-cha keertims-cha anrinyataam| brahmanyam bahuputrataam| sraddhaa-medhe prajnaatu jaatavedas-sandadaatu svaahaa||

May the Supreme lord grant me soverign prosperity, the bliss of freedom, health, good repute, capability to pay off debts to Gods, manes and sages! May I imbibe the qualities of an ideal wise-man (Brahmin); May I be blessed with sons; faithful and intelligent; grand-sons—so chanting Svaaha, I offer this oblation.
[the above mantras are found in the Andhra versiĆ³n, published by Ramakrishna Math in Mantra Pushpam]

 
Praana-apaana-vyaana-udaana-samaanaa may sudhyantaam |
Jyotir-aham virajaa-vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m swaahaa ||

May my five vital forces of life, Praana, Apaana, Vyaana, Udaana and Samaana become purified! May I (Aatman or Self) of the nature of self-luminous knowledge be divested of Rajoguna (ego) and tamoguna (ignorance) and become sinless—Swaaha, so chanting I offer the oblation.

Vaang-manas-chakshuhu srotra-jihvaa-ghranar-eto-budhyaakootih sankalpaa |
May sudhyantaam jyotir-aham virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(g)am swaahaa ||

May my speech, mind, eyes, ears, tongue, nose, generating organ, intellect and thought get purified! May I (Aaatman) of the nature of self–illuminating knowledge be divested of Rajoguna and Tamoguna, and, become free from sin—Swaahaa, so chanting I offer the oblation.

Sirah paani-paada-paarsva-prishtha-udara-jangha-sisnja-upastha-paayavo |
May sudhyantaam jyotir-aham virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m Swaahaa ||
May my head, hands, feet, sides, back, belly, thighs, penis, generating organ and secreting organ (paayu) become purified! May I (Aatman) of the nature of self illuminating knowledge be divested of Rajoeguna and Tamoeguna and be freed from sin—Swaaha, so chanting I offer the oblation.

Tvak-charma-maamsa-rudhira-meda-asthi-majjaa may suddhyantaam |
Jyotiraham virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m swaahaa ||
May my sense organ of touch, skin, flesh, blood, medas, bone and marrow be get purified. May I (Self) of the nature of self-illuminating knowledge, be divested of Rajaoeguna and Tamoegunaand be freed from sin—Swaahaa—so chanting I offer oblation.

Sabda-sparsa-roopa-rasa-gandhaa may suddhyantaam |
Jyotir-aham virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m Swaahaa ||

May the qualities of the elements of sound, touch, form, taste and odor etc., related to me be purified! May I (Aatman) of the nature of self-luminous knowledge be divested of Rajoeguna and Tamoeguna to be freed from sin—Swaaha, so chanting I offer p oblation.

rithivy-ap-tejo-vaayav-akasaa may suddhyantaam |
Jyotir-aham virajaa viopaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m swaahaa ||

May the five elements--earth, water, fire, air and ether related to me be purified! May I (Aatman) of the nature of self-luminous knowledge be divested of Rajoeguna and Tamoeguna to be freed from sins committed—Swaha, so chanting I offer oblation.

This mantra  and the    above,     conveys  to   us  the  upanishadic concept  that man is essentially microcosm coming out of Macrocosm and by the purification act of sins coming from  his expression, touch, form, taste and smell   that is the elemental constituents of Ether,  Air , Fire, Water and Earth in him,  he attains the status of Supreme Being. The first thing that emrged out in Gross creation  out of the five perceptions  as stated above (Sabda-spars-roopa-rasa-gandha tanmatras)   is  the   sound element, the primiveal voice (Om), then came the Air, Fire, Water and Earth.    Supreme Being then mixed them in different proportions by a process called Pancheekarana  and created human beings and all other things. Therefore the world is called  Pra-pancha.

Annamaya-praanamaya-manomaya-jnaanamaya-aanadamaya |
May suddhyantaam jyotir-aham virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m swaahaa ||

May the Anna (food) maya, Praana (life) maya, Mano (mind) maya, Vijnaana (intellect) maya and Aananda (bliss) maya sheaths related to me be purified. May I (Aatman) of the nature of self-luminous knowledge be divested of Rajoeguna and Tamoeguna and get freed of committed sins—Swaha, so chanting I offer oblation.
[Aaandamaya here refers to Brahman]

Vivittih Swaahaa ||

Let there be perversion of knowledge in particular. I offer oblation with this Mantra.
Ghashotkaaya Swaahaa ||
With this mantra oblation is offered to the Supreme Being who is pleased with the prayer of his qualities.

Utthishtha purusha Hare (ri) lohitapingala-akshi |
Dehi dehi dad-aapayitaa may suddhyantaam jyotir-aham |
Virajaa vipaapmaa bhooyaasa(ga)m swaahaa ||

Oh Purasha Hari! Arise! You have red tawny eyes like the red lotus. Please take special interest in our protection! Please grant us all knowledge and ability pertaining to you! May all these that result in such a sanction by the Lord, become completed and purified! May I (Aaatman) of the nature of self-luminous knowledge become divested of Rajoeguna and Tamoeguna and become pure. Swaahaa-I offer oblation with this Mantra.

So-aham paapo virajo nirmukto mukta-kilbishah |
Naakasya prishtham-aaruhya gacchet brahma-salokataam ||
May I, whose sin is wiped out by you, after becoming sinless and freed from the quality Rajo-guna (ego), go to the world of Brahman beyond the region of heaven freed from all defects!
O(Ga)M Swaahaa|
I oblate my Self or Aaatman unto you, Brahman, who is symbolized by the syllable OM (pranava)!

 
[Those who have undergone the Upanayana Samskaara are conversant with the aachamana mantras for self purification for the sins committed during the day time and the night. They are also conversant with the "Kamokarshit Mantra Japa" meditation done once a year. The above homa mantras are more elaborate than those mantras chanted by those who have undergone sacred thread ceremony samskaara and is performed as a fire sacrifice, more elaborate, effective and directed to Brahman for the purification of one's Self (Aatman) yearning for liberation from human bondage.]

 
VYAAHRITIHOMA MANTRAS (BRAAHMOPAASANA)
The following Mantras are accessories to the meditation on Brahman (Upaasana of Brahman). These oblations are done without any expectation on successful completion of the sacrifice and purely concentrated on Brahman through the medium of other deities such as Agni and others who preside over the three worlds Bhuh, Bhuvah, Suvah. As these deities are meditated upon in these Brahmopaasana Mantra it should be concluded these mantras are to Brahman only who is the inner-self (antaryaami) of all. That is why this homa is named Vyahriti Homa.

Bhoor-agnaye prthivyai swaahaa bhuvo vaayave-antarikshaayaa swaahaa | Suvar-aadityaaya dive swaahaa| Bhoor-bhuvahs-suva-chandramasse digmyas-swaahaa | namo devebhyah svadhaapitrubhyo bhur-bhuvas-suvaroem ||

This oblation of the Self (Aatman) is offered to Agni
who is designated by the vyahriti Bhuh. This oblation is offered to the Earth, the terrestrial region. This oblation is offered to Vaayu who is designated by the Vyaahriti Bhuvah. This oblation is offered to the Mid-region (antariksha). This oblation is offered to the Self of Vaayu who is designated by the Vyahriti Suvah. This oblation is offered to the celestial region Bhuh, Bhuvah, and Suvah. This oblation is offered to the Self Moon and the directions. I pay my obeisance to the gods of the inner-Self. This oblation is offered to the manes (Pitrus) of the inner-Self. Hence are verily Brahman symbolized by the Pranava OM.

Bhoorannam-agnye prithivyai swaahaa bhuvonnam vaayave-antarikshaaya-swaahaa | Suvarannm-aadityaaya dive swaahaa bhoor-bhuvas-suvar-annam chandramase digbhyah swaahaa |Namoe devebhya-swadhaa pitrubhyo bhoorbhuvas-suvr-annam-OM ||

This oblation of the Self is offered to Brahman who is the inner-self of Agni who is designated by the Vyaahriti Bhooh and who is food. This oblation is offered to Earth (Prithvi). This oblation is offered to the inner-self of the Mid-region Antariksha. This oblation is to the inner-self of Aditya, who is designated by the Vyaahriti Suvah, and who is food. This oblation is offered to the Celestial Region Bhooh, Bhuvah and Suvah, which is food. This oblation is offered to the inner-self of the Moon and the directions. My obeisance is to the Gods of the inner-self. My obeisance is to the inner-self of Manes (Pitrus) who are offered the oblations with the Mantra Swadhaa. Bhooh, Bhuvah and Suvah are Food (annam) and OM verily Brahman alone.

Bhoor-agnaye cha prithivyai cha mahate cha swaahaa | Bhuvo vaayave cha –antarikshaaya cha mahate cha swaahaa | Suvar-aadityaaya cha dive cha mahate cha swaahaa | bhoor-bhuvas-suvas-chandramase cha nakshatrebhyas-cha digbhyas-cha Mahate cha swaahaa | namo devebhyah swadhaa pitrubhyo bhor-bhuvas-suvar-OM ||

This oblation of the inner-self (Aatman) is offered to (Brahman who is the inner-self of) Agni who is designated by the Vyaahriti Bhooh; this oblation is to the Earth (Prithvi), the great. This oblation is to Vayu (Air) who is designated by the vyaahriti Bhuvah and to Mid-Region (Antariksha), the great. This oblation is offered to Aaditya who is designated by the vyahriti Suvah and to the celestial region, the Great. Bhooh, Bhuva and Suvah—this oblation is to the Moon, to the stars and to the directions, the Great. My obeisance is to the Gods. My obeisance is to the Manes addressed by the Mantra Swadhaa. Bhooh, Bhuvah, Suvah Mahah Om.

Paahinoe agna enase swaahaa | Paahinoe viswa-vedase swaahaa |Yajnam paahi vibhaavaso swaahaa | Sarvam paahi satakrato swaahaa ||

O God of Fire Agni, protect us from sin! O Omniscient One, protect us! Oh Resplendent One, protect the sacrifice! Oh Shatakrato (Indra), Protect everything!
[Viswedeva is Vaayu (Air). Shatakrato is Indra. Vibhaavasu is Aaditya (Sun)]

Yas-cchandasam-rishabho viswa-roopas-cchandobhyas-cchandaa(ga)msy-aavivesa |
Sa taa(ga)m sikyah pro-vaacho-panishad-indro jyeshthe indriyaaya |
Rishibhyo namo devebhyah svadhaa pitrubhyo bhoor-bhuvas-suvarom ||

Om, the Pranava, the symbol of Brahman, the most celebrated in Vedas which is of universal form and which was the first born of all the Vedas entered into the Vedas. That great Indra who is a store house of all learning like a Sikyah or a source of strength taught this wisdom of the symbol of Pranava OM to his disciples. My obeisance is to the sages. My obeisance is to the Gods and Swadhaa, the Manes (Pitrus)--Bhooh, Bhuvah, Suvah.

[Pranava symbol OM is the source and epitome of all speech. Indriyas here means the disciples of Indra. Indra is called Sikyah]

 
Namo Brahmane dhaaranam may astva-niraakaranam dhaarayitaa bhooyaasam |
Karnayoh srutam maa chyodhvam mamaamushya Om ||
Obeisance unto Brahman! May what I have studied be retained in my memory! May I bear that wisdom without forgetfulness! May I not swerve from what I have heard with my ears! Om!
[This Mantra is recited for non-forgetfulness of what has been studied]

Antas-charati bhooteshu guhaayaam viswamoortishu | Tvam yajnastvam vishnustvam vashatkaarastva(ga)m rudrastvam brahmaa tvam prajaapatih ||

Oh Brahman! You who are called by the Pranava syllable OM move within the cave of the heart of all living beings as their inner controller (antaryaami). You are the Yajanpurusha, Vishnu, Vashatkaara, Rudra, Brahma and Prajaapati.

[The name of Brahman is Pranava OM. All entities other than the Supreme Being have him alone as their inner-self and so all terms signify Brahman alone in the ultimate analysis no matter you address as Agni, Jataveda, Indra, Varuna etc.]

Om tad Brahama| Om tad Vaayuh| Om tad Aatmaa| Om tat Satyam | Om tat Sarvam | Om tat Puror- namah ||

Om is that Brahman. Om is that Vaayu. Om is that Self (Aatman). Om is All That. Om is that Primeval Cause that existed before creation. So obeisance is to that Pranava OM.

 
KAAMOKAARSHEET-MANYURAKAARSHEET MANTRAAH

Kaamo-akarsheen-namo namh | Kaamo-akaarsheet-kaamah karoti naaham karomi kaamah kartaa naaham kartaa kaamah kaarayitaa naahm kaarayitaa esha tay kaama kaamaaya Svaahaa ||

Salutation to the Gods! Desire performed the act. Desire did the act. Desire is doing the act, not I. Desire is the agent, not I. Desire prompts the doer to act, not I. O Desire, Imagining in that form let me offer this oblation chanting the mantra Svaaha.

Manyu-rakarsheen-namo namah | manyu-rakaasheen-manyuh karoti naaham karomi manyuh kartaa naaham kartaa manyuh kaarayitaa naaham kaarayitaa esha tay manyo manyave svaahaa ||

Salutation to the Gods! Anger performed the act. Anger did the act. Anger is doing the act, not I. Anger is the agent, not I. Anger prompts the doer to act, not I. O Anger personified! Let this oblation be offered to you chanting the mantra Svaaha.

 


PAAPA NIVAARAKA HOMA MANTRAS (MANTRAS FOR EXPIATION OF SINS)

Devakritasyaainaso—avayajanamaci Swaahaa | Manushya-kritainaso-avayajanamaci swaahaa | Pitrukritainaso-avayajanamaci  swaahaa | Aatmakritainaso avayajanamaci swaahaa | Anyakritainaso-avayajanamaci swaahaa | Yaddivaa cha naktam chainas-cha krima  tasya avayajanamaci swaahaa | Yathsvapantascha jaagritascha enaschakrima atasyya-avayajanamaci swaahaa | Yathsusahuptascha jaagritascha enaschakrima tasya avayajanamaci swaahaa | yadvidvaa(ga)msas cha vidvaa(ga)msas chainas-chakrima tasya avayajana-maci swaahaa | Enasa enasaavayjana-maci swaahaa ||

Oh Agni! You are the remover of offences we have committed against Gods;  Swaaha (Hail)! You are the remover of the offences we have committed against men; Swaahaa. You are the remover of offences we have committed against departed ancestors; Swaahaa. You are the remover of offences we have committed to ourselves; Swaaha. You are the remover of the offences committed by others connected to us; Swaahaa. You are the remover of offences committed by our relatives; Swaahaa. You are the remover of offences committed in the state of dream and awakening; Swaahaa. You are the remover of the offences committed consciously and unconsciously: Swaahaa.  You are the remover of the Offences Committed by contact with those who are sinners: Swahaa.

 [These eleven mantras are also employed for offering fire oblations into the consecrated fire meditating upon Supreme Spirit, Brahman. Each person is not  only responsible for his own sins committed of commissions and omissions but also for the sins of other persons who belong to him, or with whom he has blood relationship or over whose action he has legitimate control. He may further offend his own neighbors by harsh words and anti-social activities. All these are described here to remind the person of his moral obligations. Waking state is mentioned twice stressing that we commit more sins in our wakeful state.]

JNAANA-PRAAPTY-ARTHYAA HOMA MANTRAAH (HOMASPLEADING FOR HIGH IQ)

Paahi noe agna Enase swaahaa| paahi noe viswavedase swaahaa | yajnam paahi vibhaavaso swaahaa | sarvam paahi satakarto swaahaa ||
Paahi noe agna ekayaa | pahyuta dviteeyaya | paahyoorjam triteeyayaa | paahi geerbhischa tasribhi r- vaso swaahaa ||

 Oh Fire, preserve us from sin! Hail! Preserve us that we may atain full knowledge, Hail1 O Resplendent One, preserve our sacrificial acts. Hail! O Satakratu, preserve everything that belong to us.  Hail!  (With this mantra I offer the oblation)

Oh Divine Fire, Oh settler of all creatures! Be gracious to protect us being praised by the hymns of the first Veda. Hail! Further, be gracious to protect us having praised by the hymns of the second Veda.  Hail! Be gracious to protect our food and strengthening essence of it having praised by the hymns of the third Veda.     Hail!  Be gracious to protect us having praised by the hymns of the four Vedas. Hail! (With this Mantra, I offer the oblation).  

This is sacrificial worship which paves the way to divine knowledge.  These mantras remove the obstacles in the way of final illumination—the ultimate goal of the religious seeker.  The second group contains four mantras for offering oblations into the consecrated fire for the attainment of illumination as additional support to the previous group of Mantras.



 VAISWADEVA* MANTRAAH   (MANTRAS FOR ALL GODS LEFT OUT)


Agnaye swaahaa | visvebhyo devebhyoe swaahaa | dhruvaaya bhoomaaya swaahaa | dhruakshitaye swaahaa | achyutakshitaye Swaahaa | agnaye  svishtakrite swaahaa | Dharmaaya swaaha | Adharmaaya swaahaa | Adhbyah swaahaa | Oshadhi-  vanas-  patibhyah swaahaa |  Rakshodevajanebhyah swaahaa | Grihyaabhyah swaahaa | avasaanebhyah swaahaa |  Sarvabhootebhyah swaahaa | Kaamaaya swahaa  | Antarikshaaya swaahaa | Yadejati jagati yaccha cheshtati naamno bhaagoyam naamne swaahaa | Prithivyai swaahaa | Antarikshaaya swaahaa  | Dive swaahaa |   Sooryaaya swaahaa |  Chandramase swaahaa | Nakshatrebhyah swaahaa | Indraaya swaahaa | Brihaspataye swaahaa |  Prajaapataye swaahaa | Brahmane swaahaa |  swdhaa pitrubhya swaahaa | Namo rudraaya pasupataye swaahaa | Devebhyah swaahaa | Pitrubhyah swaaha | Bhootebhyah swaahaa |  Manushebhyah swaahaa | Prajaapataye swaahaa | Parmeshthine Swaahaa || Manushebhyah swaahaa | Prajaapataye swaahaa | Parmeshthine Swaahaa ||
The above contains thirty-six short mantras used in all worships and oblations.  First six mantras are employed in Vaisvadeva rite.  In this God is worshiped as Fire, as the sum total of all Gods, as the permanent plenitude, as the permanent ground, as the unchanging abode and as the maker of the right sacrifice. Svishta means right sacrifice. The opposite of it is durishta. The meaning for other devatas are as follows: Dharma=religious duty; adhama=the opposite of Dharma; Aaapah=water; oshadhivanaspatayah=herbs and trees; rakshodeva janaah=demons and divines ; grihyaah=household deities; avasaanaah= the deities living in the outskirts of the house; avasaanapatayah=the leaders of such deities; sarvabhootaah= all spirits, or the deities of the five primordial elements; Kaamah=god of love; antariksham=windblowing in the sky; Naama=Supreme being  is called so; here representing totality of words in the Vedas; Whatever that is in this world moving as  insentient (ejati) and whatever that  acts as sentient (cheshatati); Prithavee=earth; antariksham=spirits dwelling in the sky; dyauh=heaven; sooryah=sun; chandramaah=moon; nakshatraani=asterisms; Indrah= the chief of Gods; Brihaspath=the preceptor of Gods; Prajaapatih= the lord of creatures;  Brahma=the four faced Creator; pitarah=departed ancestors; bhootaah=a variety of gods; ,Rudrah Pasupatih=Rudra the Lord of living beings; Devaah=Gods; pitarah=manes; manushyaaah=men; Parameshthih=The four faced creator dwelling in Brahmaloka.  Namo Bhagaah= The entire universe is but a part of the Supreme to whom oblations are offered.

Yathaa koopah sataadhaarah  sahasradhaaro akshitah |
Eva may astu dhaanya sahasradhaaram-akshitam || dhanadhaanyai swaahaa ||

Just as a perennial well is supplied with water by hundreds and thousands of spring, so may I have an inexhaustible supply of grain from a thousand source.  With that objective, I offer oblations to the wealth-holding deity.

Ye bhootaah pracharanti divaanakam balamicchanto viudasya preshyaah |
Tebhyo balim pushtikaamo haraami mayi pushti pushtipatirdadhaatu swaahaa ||

I present offering food to those spirits, who are the attendants of Rudra (dwelling in the cremation grounds),  causing pain to creatures by death and bereavement , and who wander about day and night in search of tribute with the intention of acquiring property. May the Lord of prosperity grant me all prosperity! Hail!

[* These are ten mythological  deities often: Vasu  (Dwelling place); Satya (Truth); Kratu (Will); Daksha (Skill); Kaala (Time); Kaama (Desire) Dhriti (Forbearnace); Kuru ( ancestors of the Kurus) Purooravas  (a being in the atmosphere); Maadravas (cry of joy). These deities are fond of funeral offerings.]

This discourse has been prepared by taking considerable help from the following publications
  1. Swami Devananda, Mantrpushpam, Ramakrishna Math, Khar, Mumbai, India.
  2. Dr. N.S. Annanta Rangacharya, Selections from Upanishads, Bangalore, India.