Friday, June 10, 2016

HINDU RELIGIOUS WEDDING SHOULD FOLLOW SIMPLICITY AND SPIRITUALITY OF SEETAA-KALYAANAM



Hindu Religious Wedding should follow simplicity and Spirituality of Seetaa-Rama kalyaanam
(Compilation for a Discourse at Sri Ganesha Temple, Nashville, TN, June 2016)
Ramayana reveals the poet in Valmiki more than the Spiritual Sage in him when we read through this great Epic. I often wonder why he had been very short, crisp and to the point as to the description of Rama and Sita and his three bother’s weddings though all divines were present watching this great premier event on earth from heavens and beat their kettle-drums with loud noise and brought forth the rain of flowers when Rama held the hands of Sita lead by Janaka.  There was no “gatti-melam” during this wedding as no Mangalyam was tied to the neck of Sita which is the focal point in all South Indian weddings that has caught the traditions of North also among migrant Hindus Overseas. Tying the Mangalyam rope with three knots around bride’s neck by bridegroom and slipping rings around each other’s finger are considered most important part of Hindu sacred matrimony among the long list of wedding rituals loaded with Veda mantras. Otherwise a long narrative wherein Valmiki has also included Aditya Hridaya, he is silent on Veda mantras employed in Rama and his brothers’ wedding ceremony about which just mention is made. Smaavartana ritual, Naandi Shraddha ritual and Paalikaa worship are just mentioned without details. I believe the choice was left to senior sages, Vasishtha and Viswamitra. In all probability Rama’s life was foreseen and Ramayana was written even before the birth of Rama by divine vision which proved true later!  Kamban in his Tamil Ramayana  though more elaborate and has even excelled Valmiki in describing  the divine wedding  has not come out with  details on   host of rituals missing in Rama’s wedding but  in vogue today to-day that are  successfully promoted by astrologers and Pundits. However Kamban includes some popular rituals that are popular with Tamils in vogue today as described in the Appendix. He has spent more time on the bridegroom's  dress and preparation than Seetaa as if he is Bridegroom's Party. He also mentions of Lord Ranganatha. The absence of Thali and Gattimelam shows Mangalyadhaaranam is a recent introduction  as our astrologer expert says. Valmiki does not mention about Arundhai and Dhruva stars unlike Kamban as they were all bodily present watching the divine wedding and hence superfluous! Modern pundits have not failed to compose suitable sacred hymn for the occasion if not mantra like  the peak Mangalya Dharana ritual. Hindu scriptures have also left the choice to the parents of the children to go into the design of Mangalyam.  As I have suggested on the subject in my other discourse, precious stone studded Swastika pendant is the most ideal to suit all inter-faith weddings as well as traditions conducted as Hindu Braahma Marriage Sacrament, which is also most sacred symbol for Hindus.
Raama got married to Seetaa on Panguni Uttiram Day. The moon is in the asterism "uttiram" (Beta Leonis) on Panguni Uttiram day from which the festival derives its name. This day is also known as Kalyana Vrata day (wedding vow) in Tamil Nadu, since Goddess Parvathi married Lord Shiva on this day after observing severe penance. There are three famous temples of Devi (Goddess) in India--The Visaalakshi temple in Vaaranaasi (Kasi), The Meenakshi temple in Madurai, and the Kamaakshi temple in Kanchipuram. The wedding ceremony of Lord Sundareswara to  Meenakshi and the wedding of Lord Ekaambareswara to Kaamakshi is said to have taken place on this day and therefore this divine wedding is re-enacted with all grandeur and tradition at those temples. This divine wedding grants the power of Kalyana vrata on this day. It is believed that if an unmarried woman takes up this Vrata (vow) with associated vows and penance, and observes it whole heartedly and sincerely, her wish for a blissful marriage would come true. It is the day on which Lord Ranganatha and Ranganayki are seen together and worshiped. Thus it can be seen wedding used to be performed on particular days and time when celestial bodies were in perfect harmony recognized as auspicious day and time and fixed by Vedic astrologers even for Gods. Modern astrologers relate them to faulty horoscopes of the couples and fix Muhurtas suiting the convenience of marriage parties. In temple Traditions Wedding of Gods is celebrated on any day (nitya kalayana sarvabhauma)   to oblige the devotees to bestow divine blessings to fulfill their desires. In temples like Tirupati this Kalyanotsava is a rich source of income to the temple happening every day.  Pundits justify Lord is Nityakalyana-sarvabhauma (can celebrate his wedding anniversary on any day) and he need not bother about auspicious celestial assembly or movement time like mortals.  Sri Ganesaha Temple in Nashville is performing Seetha Ram Kalyanostva on June 19 on a Sunday to attract maximum crowds and participants following Seetha Rama Parivaara Chalaprathishtha taking place on June 18, Saturday. I wonder why they did not wait for Panguni Uttiram Day! I do not know Phaalguna Utttara written in Ramayana is the same as Panguni Uttiram Kamban mentions. Only our modern astrology Pundits can tell. Of course they will agree for a price!
Dasaratha was elated to know about the exploits of Rama and about the marriage proposal coming from Janaka after Rama won the contest of Swayamvara by breaking Sivadhanus.  He started for Mithila with all his retinue and reached Mithila after travelling for four days. Valmiki writes in Ramayana that Dasratha voluntarily ordered his treasures of pearls corals, precious gems and heaps of gold to be carried in front. This deserves to be noted by the parents of the bridegrooms today! Janaka welcomed them with due honor and informed Dasaratha that the wedding will take place the day after their arrival when the Yajna will be completed. He said, “yajnasyaante narasreshta vivaaham rishisammatham,“ indicating that the wedding is of the kind called Braahma, which is done according to the principles laid down by the Vedas.
The marriages are of eight kinds according to Manusmrthi. They are, Braahama, Daiva, Arsha, Praajaapathya, Gaandharva, Asura, Raakshasa and Paisaach.  Braahma   Marriage is celebrated,  when the boy completes his Brahmacharya, that is, gurukulavasa and the parents of the boy approaches the parents of the girl who consent to give their daughter satisfying themselves about the background and education in Vedic lore of the boy. No dowry is given and no money transaction involved and the bride is given as Kanyadaaana to the bridegroom. The arrngements are left to y the choice of the one who gives the girl as Charity (Kanyaadaana).  This is the highest and noblest kind of marriage. I believe Rama took a short cut on Gurukula studies and acquired full knowledge of Vedas from Viswamitra (both para and apara Vidya).
The reply of Dasaratha to Janaka was classic. Valmiki calls him vaakyavidhaam  Sreshtah, the best of the speakers. Dasaratha said 'pratigraho daatrivasah sruthametan mayaa puraa yathaa vakshyasi Dharmajna tat karishyaamahe vayam,' The meaning of the sloka is this: “The (execution of)   gift   depends on the donor, this has been heard by me in the past (which is a well-known fact). We shall do as you will bid us to do, O knower of what is right!”    Hence Dasaratha agrees to do as Janaka says because he is the donor, the giver of Kanyaadaana (a noble charity) while Dasaratha is the one who receives, and therefore all has to go according to the wishes of the donor.  Beggars are not choosers! This idea should also be noted by the parents of the bridegroom now-a-days. The entire choice was left to Janaka, the bride’s father.
Then Vasishtha narrated the glory of Ikshvaku Vamsa (dynasty) and Janaka stated the greatness of his Vamsa(parampara) and they agreed on the marriage which is like Nischayathartha (betrothal) of modern times. One surprising thing was the notable absence of all the three mothers, Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi, who for some unexplained reason did not accompany Dasaratha though the role of wife as Sahadharminee is too much stressed in this chapter!
The day of the marriage dawned.  Janaka offered to give his daughter Urmila to Lakshmana and Viswamitra suggested that the daughters of his brother Kusadwaja, Mandavi and Srutakirthi may be given in marriage to Bharatha and Satrughna to which Janaka agreed with delight. Vasishtha was requested by Janaka to conduct the marriage and he did so with Satananda and Viswamitra. Valmiki describes in such detail, all the rituals done before and during marriage that we can learn about them from Ramayana.
The Muhurta was set for two days: the star Poorva phalguna (Nischtartham Day)  for the previous night and the following day Uttara  Phalguna(Wedding Day), that is,  Panguni Uttiram for Tamils, which day has become important for so many other reasons  since then.  Seetaa beautifully adorned and bedecked with jewelry, was brought to the marriage hall, and here is one of the places where Valmiki the poet has overtaken Valmiki, the sage.
Thathasseethaam samaaneeya sarvaabharana bhooshitaam

padmaam padhmaviyukthaam vai kesavaankachyutaam iva

vidhyuthprabhaam visaalaksheem snigdhakunchithamoordhajaam

hamsaankitena kshoumeNa kimchit  peetheena samvritaam

vaasithenottareeyena suraktena susamvritaam ( VR.BK.73.30)
Seetaa was adorned with all ornaments, wearing red upper-cloth which fully covered her and also covered with a veil of silk slightly yellow decorated with swans. She looked like Lakshmi who has left her lotus and slipped from the lap of Vishnu. She shines like lightning and has large eyes and beautiful curly hair.
Kamban, the Tamil poet, describes the arrival of Seetaa in his own inimitable style.

“Ponnin oli poovin veRtri sandhu podhi seetham,

minninezil, annavaL tham meni oli maana

annamum arambaiyarum aar amizdhum naanaa

sittridai nudanga olir seeradi peyarndaal”

She was shining like gold, with sweet smell of flowers, and cool with the sandal paste, her luster that of lightening and she put to shame the Apsara damsels and the swans with her gait.
The beauty of this verse consists in the rhythm of the words which is in kanta nadai which when recited even without music sounds like the beautiful walk of Sita. As compared with this the verse in same rhythm is used to describe the gait of Surpanakha but the alliteration was such that it portrays the deceitful behavior of the Rakshasi in disguise.  Madurai TN Seshagopalan, an exponent of Karnatic music explained this in his Harikata religious discourse on Kambaramayana and also sang the two verses in kanta nadai to the delight of the audience to echo the two opposite gaits, one of poise and beauty and other harsh and loud.
Janaka placed Seetaa in front of Rama before fire and said the famous lines which are repeated till today in marriages.
Iyam seetha mamasutaa   sahadharmacharee tava

prateeccha chainaam bhadram tay paanim grihneeshva paaninaa

This sloka is explained by commentators elaborately as it is repeated in every wedding to-day like a Veda Mantra:

iyam - this Seetaa—Here by iyam one should understand:
1. She is well known not only for her beauty but also because of her mode of manifestation. Seetaa means the edge of the plough and she was called Seeta   because she emerged   from the earth when the tip of the plough touched the ground where she was. Being Ayonija, not born from the womb, she shines with her special attributes natural to her.
2. She is like lightning and could not be seen with normal eyes and so Rama’s attention was drawn.

3. Rama as Narayana has been separated from Seetaa, Lakshmi, for long and therefore he would have been searching her everywhere even when she is not there. Hence he was told that Seetaa is here.
4. She also, like Rama, acts like a human being but has taken the incarnation for the sake of Rama only.
5. She has come to Janaka because of much penance in order to be given to Rama in Kanyaadaana.

Mama sutaa - my daughter--Janaka is a Rajarishi and being his daughter is a testimonial for Seetaa . This adjective is the predecessor of the next.
sahadharamacharee tava- -She will be a fit companion for you in all your pursuits, both yoga and bhoga (spiritual pursuit as well as enjoyment). For instance Seetaa proved to be a sahadharmacharee in showing mercy like Rama, if not more than Rama, who accepted Vibheeshana who was faultless, while she showed mercy even to those who wronged against her in Asokavana, by saying 'na kaschit  naparaadhayati’, who has not done something wrong ever.' Rama narrated the story of the doves to illustrate his saranagati dharma and likewise Seetha told Hanuman the story of the bear and the tiger (VR-YK)
prateeccha chainam- Take her.-- She actually belonged to Rama and hence Janaka says "take her" and not "I give her to you."
bhadram  tay-- May you be auspicious by marrying her-- It is a mangalaasaasanam to ward off evil eyes as the couples are extraordinarily suited to each other. These words occur very often in Valmiki Ramayana. Being a sage he bestows benediction to the characters and through them to the reader.
paanim grihneeshva paaninaa- take her by hand.--By this Janaka denotes his approval as her father. This also denotes that the marriage is a Braahma one with the consent of the parents.

Janaka gave away Seetha by pouring water sanctified by mantra to the hands of Rama by way of Kanyadaana, saying 'pativrataa mahaabhaagaa chchaayaa iva anugataa tava'  These words, meaning that she is chaste and fortunate and will follow you like shadow are predictive of her following Rama to the forest later. She reminds this to Rama later and says that she has to go with him as per the orders of the elders (VR-AK).
Janaka’s vow to give his daughter in marriage only to a hero of spiritual prowess was fulfilled when Rama earned he hands of Seetaa by breaking the Siva Dhanus.   The arrangements for the marriage were briskly made, Dasaratha was sent for, and he gladly gave his consent and came to Mithila with all his retinue. Janaka invited all his relatives and friends and kings of the neighboring countries. The ceremony was however simple. On the appointed day at the auspicious time fixed by the astrologers of the court the king conducted his daughter, who was dressed for the marriage, near the sacred fire (Agnikund).  Janaka made her stand near the bridegroom and said “This is Seetaa, my   daughter. She will be your partner in Dharma. Receive her, take her by the hand. I wish you happiness. Happy in her devotion to you, she shall ever follow you even as a shadow.”  After the wedding festivities were over, Viswamitra blessed the prince and the princess and retired to the Himalayas, and Dasratha started for his capital. The party reached Ayodhya where an enthusiastic welcome was awaiting them from the citizens and the royal household.
Raama-Seetaa Wedding was a Braahma Marriage.  It gives the general guideline for such a marriage which is described above in detail.  There was neither the exchange of horoscopes nor any dowry by the girl’s father.  In fact Dasaratha, father of the bridegroom   gave all the jewelry to the bride. There was no Maangalya Dharanam or Gatti melam.  However, their marriage was fixed on an auspicious day and time based on astronomical harmony of constellations. Over a period, this Braahma Marriage has been made very elaborate, complicated and an occasion for fleecing the girl’s parents.  Here is an expert opinion on   the subject of present day wrong practices who is not only a well-read astrology scholar but also an important member of a reputed  astrology association in Bengaluru:  
“To my knowledge astrological matching boy’s and girl’s   horoscope for holy matrimony was very rare back around 100 years or so! Only the Purohit (Priest) who conducted the marriage used to see the star and the Gotra.  If both parties had doubt they used to go to a temple and place a white flower and a red flower in betel leaves separately. After placing the same before the presiding deity an innocent boy or girl would be asked pick one of the closed leaves.  If they picked white flower they agreed for the marriage. If they picked the leaf with red flower they agreed to cancel that marriage proposal. This was the system prevailing then. I also do not feel astrological matching is a must for marriage.  Manu Smriti says if the parents of the girl do not find a match for the girl before three years after the girl’s attaining puberty, she has every right to choose her partner. In Hindu marriage Panigrahanam and Kanyaka Daanam are to be performed during the Muhurtam.  Muhurtam time is fixed to overcome all ill effects in the horoscope.  During Mangalya Dhaaranam only a Sanskrit Sloka is chanted and not a sacred Vedic Mantra and therefore this is not the most sacred step as it is made out today. (Once three knots are tied the girl is bound to husband life-time and nothing can save the situation is the blind belief).  In earlier days only a Kantha sootram was tied around the neck of the bridegroom for the   occasion like the holy thread tied to the hand.  It was three strands to go with three line-marks round the neck. You may also note that this sloka is also used during Shashthi-abda-poorti celebrations (60th birthday of husband if wife is alive when the marriage ceremony is re-enacted and a third pendant is added)   Srimad Bhagavatam predicts Sangara Vargam (people marrying out of caste) would increase and gradually all caste system would fail in Chapter 12 while elaborating on Kaliyuga Lakshana” says our astrology expert. [Here is a justification for love marriage as well as inter-caste marriage too in Hinduism.]

Samavartana and Naandi Sraaddham
Dasaratha performed Samavartana ceremony after his sons shaved off hairs from their  heads (Mundan) and the Bridegrooms performed Naandi Shraaddha to their ancestors at the commencement of the actual wedding ceremony. Activities related to deceased ancestors are more important than those related to God. Therefore every sacred ceremony begins with Nandi Shraddha. So also begins the Marriage ceremony. Taittiriya Upanishad 1.11 says:    Devapitrukaaryaabhyam na pramaditavyam-- One should not commit mistakes in any task performed towards God or ancestors' souls. One should not avoid these rituals. Gita also says: “Patanti pitaroh yesham  luptapindodaka kriya”-- Due to the nonperformance of rituals like pinda shraddha and offering water to deceased ancestors etc., the ancestors of such people (who do not perform Shraddha) have to reside in the Hell region. This results in stagnation and no progress of the descendants. Generally this ritual is not a prerequisite in current day practices.
In Seetaa Kalyaanam the wedded couples go round the sacred fire thrice. There is no mention of Saptapadi. This has been a recent development like many others that are described in my article Vivaaham-Hindu Sacred Matrimony of Braahma Marriage.
While preparing the sacred sacrificial altar for the wedding Vasishtha also took care to prepare   earthenware pots with sprouts which is Paalikaa Sthaapanam and Visrajanam explained under South Indian Wedding described in my detailed discourse on Vivaham, Hindu Sacred Matrimony   Rituals for conducting Nuptial ceremony. These are rarely seen in modern Hindu Weddings   except among Brahmins in the South.
Paalika—this custom of germinating seeds is observed in marriage ceremony. Five earthen pots are filled with sand or earth—these are meant for the five deities, Brahma, Indra, Yama, Varuna, and Soma. The one for Brahma is kept in the center while the other four are kept at the four points of the compass (the pots Indra, Yama, Varuna and Soma being kept in East, South, West and North respectively). Seeds of rice, black gram, green gram, sesame and mustard are soaked in milk and sown in the five different pots by five Suhaasanes. On the fourth day of marriage (in the five days’ marriage of ancient tradition) or at the conclusion of the wedding ceremony when the seeds have germinated the pots are immersed in a sacred river or pond. This custom, called, pancha-paalika, is meant for the protection and prosperity of the family for whom the function is performed. Incidentally this is asking for peace through flora and fauna awakening once duty towards environmental protection and prosperity—Oshadhayah saantih; vanaspatayah saantih | It is also symbolic of fertility praying for good progeny.
I have also seen in USA the priests conducting Upanayana sacred thread investiture ceremony even in Inter-marriages as a preliminary ritual. If this is to be done what about Samaavartana   sacrament which was performed on Rama? Rama never underwent this sacred thread investiture sacrament prior to wedding. I believe he should have had Upanayana sacrament earlier being a Kshatriya though not mentioned.   Upanayana Sacrament was prevalent in Vedic culture for Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaisya   castes including girls. Caste seems to have become a birthright during the days of Rama even.
It is also mentioned that as Sahadharmini Seetaa was   getting ready to perform Shraddha ceremony honoring deceased parents which practice is not there in present days. Also Shraddha was performed at an appointed Muhurta (sacred time) which is also overlooked in current practices.  We should not forget the Sacrament of   Hindu Marriage came into being following Seetaakalyaanam, first ever wedding in Puranas written down in  Adikavya  and got introduced to Hindu Way of Life.
“The slit in Plough it   is called Sita.  Rama (ramyate iti) means one who delights the heart. He is   the indweller. Just as air, moisture and light are everywhere, so Rama dwells in all hearts. Sita is the one who can pierce the land; she can remove the hard core of the ego of man. After all, this is the field, the hard land full of ego, full of Maya. Nobody can change you unless you have a strong Sita element in your life as well as the element of Rama. That is the meaning of ‘Sita-Rama’.
They represent Prakriti and Purusha, matter and spirit, electrical wires and electricity, minus and plus. In the Bhagavad Gita (13:19), it is said:
Prakritim purusham chaiva viddhyaanaadi ubhaavapi
Vikaaraamshcha gunaamshchaiva viddhi prakritisambhavaan.
 Know both Prakriti and purusha as beginning-less or eternal.  Know also that all the modifications and qualities are born of Prakriti.
Prakriti and Purusha are the two eternal principles of this creation. They are the principle of the universe that you see and the universe that you do not see, the imperceptible universe. Therefore, Sita without Rama, Krishna without Radha, or Shiva without Gauri is not the reality.   Reality always lies in duality, because if there is no duality, there cannot be any trinity. If there is no trinity, there is no permutation and combination, and if there is no permutation and combination, then what is all this about? This creation is an outcome of the permutation and combination of the elements of Prakriti and Purusha. Whether you talk in mathematical, metaphysical or scientific terms, it is the same. Whether you talk about unified field theory, quantum physics, Adwaita Vedanta or Dwaita Vedanta, we have to accept that there is duality with a possibility of trinity, and permutation and combination. Therein lies the infinite possibilities of creation” says a swami Satyananda in his speech on Sitakalayana.
Lot of   Pomp and show, fun and frolic like Kasiyatra,   Exchange of Garlands, money gift,   Baraat etc. have been brought into this sacred simple ceremony written  by Valmiki in his Ramayana and at the same time overlooking some important rituals like Nandi Shraaddha and including some uncalled for rituals like horoscope exchange,  Santi to overcome evil effects of horoscopes, Mangalya Dharnam etc. What is loathsome is the dowry system and exploitation. It is also disgusting to watch the horrible seen, when the girl who  turns a widow irrespective of her age,  on the tenth day when  the so  called sacred mangalasutra is snatched and the girl forced wear a red or white Sari even forcing her to shave her head like a nun which however is fast vanishing like Sati or Sahagamana by the wrong interpretation of the term (sahadharminee).
[This discourse has been prepared by drawing considerable help from Internet sources, Swamiji’s speech, my various discourses on the subject, Srimad Valmiki Ramayana,  Kamba Ramayanam, Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads  and  expert opinion from participants  which is gratefully acknowledged:

[This discourse material is a compilation from the reference above    as well as other sources for a prepared lecture for delivering at Vedanta Class of Sri Ganesha Temple which is gratefully acknowledged. I do not claim anything as original though I have included my explanations and comments elaborately suitably editing. Anybody is free to download partly or fully this discourse, modify and redistribute this as well as other  discourses from the blog Hindu Reflections <nrsrini.blogspot.com> for spreading the wisdom of Vedas and scriptures further.  These  lectures are  posted on the blog for the benefit of those who are not able to attend my lectures personally due to personal reasons or due to not living in Nashville or able to go through the various sources as I have done. ]


APPENDIX


Kamban’s  description of  Seeta-kalyaanam
 (Translated by P.R.Ramchandra Rao)

1198. The king of kings Dasaratha  reached   the hall, whose limits were   difficult to find out,   whose  roof  was made of  Gold, which was as tall as mountain ,which was    decorated by costly gems, and where all the auspicious   things   for wedding has been collected and stored.

1199. With the white royal umbrella   giving the light   of young  moon, and that  umbrella also  giving out the light of sun jading the eyes, with bees which bore in to the flowers   singing,
and  dust raising due to the hoofs of victorious horses Dasaratha arrived.

1200. At that time   the auspicious sound of wedding drums blared forth, the   groups of conches also boomed, small and big drums raised their sound, and the sound    of chanting of Vedas    by those   experts in Vedas, matched the sound of the waves    of   ocean at night, when it will be more.

1201. The wide chariots   elephants and the horses that can fleet, came in crowds   and crowds    sorted  in to correct groups, those kings who normally salute    Dasaratha    and follow him, came along with him like Indra being surrounded by devas.

1202.  Dasaratha who travelled  in that  grand manner, came and sat in a  pretty  golden seat making it more pretty, sages and other   kings   as per   their rank occupied their seats, and Janaka also occupied    the seats along with his relatives.

1203. Due to   kings, sages, devas of the sky   and   maidens, walking like swans   who were similar to the ladies of heaven, crowding that hall, that matchless   hall of marriage, was looking like   golden Meru mountain which is circled by   planets.

1204. In that marriage hall which was constructed   by  Maya, richly    embedded  with precious gems without expecting  anything in return, glittering  ladies   were there,  matchless   stars were  there, due  to many kings being there,  there   were the clan of nine precious  gems, Sun and Moon were there in the  form of Dasaratha and Janaka, and it looked   like the universe   created   by Lord Brahma.

1205. Great sages   and kings   and with devas were  kept  inside, in that  marriage hall    and so   it was like the belly of Lord Vishnu, who swallowed   earth and heaven and kept it there  during deluge.

1206.  All the people   of not only this earth but the   entire universe, gathered   there with eagerness to see the marriage. Should we exaggerate about it? Since there  is no need for it; We  will tell the part played by  Rama who has left   his bed, of Adhisesha  in Vaikuntha   and has come  over to Ayodhya.

1207.  With sacred waters  having been brought from the seven sea, where   heaps  of conches are found   and with the very special holy waters    that have been mentioned  in the Vedas , in which the waters   of the sacred   rivers  like Ganga has  been mixed, as per tradition  Lord Rama    took his auspicious   bath.

1208.  After   giving  charity  to  faultless ladies with Kayal fish like   eyes, which extended up to their ears  and   to  Great Brahmins, who were expert   in Vedas , Rama saluted  Ranganatha, their glorious  family deity  who  was worshipped  by his sinless ancestors   who had done  penance without any nmistake.

1209. Like the boon  which  saved penance and  Dharma   which  was being destroyed  by Rakshasas   as there was none to protect them taking a form of its own, he who had a form like that of  a  picture, took the sandal paste  and applied on himself like  cloud  smearing the moon.

1210. Like the moon which is the storehouse  of all auspiciousness was produced as a of  the black sea   with rising waves, Rama wore   Red face garland, golden garland, and flower garlands   which were stable   on his wavy hair.

1211. After seeing him moody due to pangs of love   during day and night, similar   to the sun and moon coming  as emissary to Rama, and going near    his ears   to tell   about thoughts of Sita, Rama wore two shining  ear globes  on his ears.

1212. Like lord  Shiva  holding as axe and having the black poison on his neck,Rama  wore   the crescent    of the moon at the    tip of his long hai; Rama  also wore   an ornament called  “veera pattigai “ and Thilaka   on his forehead making  the Sun God  think that he would wear all shining  things of the world.

1213. Making people think that this  was  the conch Panchajanya   near his wheel, Rama wore    several white pearl necklaces, made people think, that the smile of the   white complexion Sita   having long black hair, has gone inside Rama, occupied everywhere  and has   been bubbling  out.

1214. With properly embedded  diamonds  looking   like  dots  on the hood of the snake,and   the Manikhya gems having an endless    red color resembling red colored   fire, the shoulder ornaments    worn on the pretty shoulders   of Rama   were looking like Vasuki that  was tied round Mandhara  Mountain.

1215.  The three  big threads   in which pearls were chained , were   tied   in the center of the   wide  wrists of Rama , possibly indicating that he   is the Lord of all the   three worlds, which is a symbol that has been agreed by everyone.

1216. Like the Kalpavriksah (boon-giving) tree  made  bangles   of gold and gems  and tied them on its healthy branches    for   helping    the people who come before   it with great desire,  Rama wore    those shining  bracelets on his pretty broad hands.

1217. On the chest where   the Goddess Lakshmi   who sits on the honey dripping lotus flower, sits with   great joy   Rama wore pretty    garland that was hanging  with several gems, and  it was like rain bow  rising  in cloud filled sky with stars.

1218.  Like the wisdom   of wise people   that   cannot  be approached by ordinary people, the lustrous upper cloth , was  worn over the    holy chest  of  his by Rama, who has a form of mercy similar to the luster of gems worn by Rama  on his neck.

1219. The holy thread   over the chest which was like sun, moon and fire, is  definitely the great trinity that  even sages  and devas  do not know, and it   was tied in its end   possibly requesting all to   think and realize this truth.

1220.  The ornament called stomach belt which is long , which spreads  of  the luster   of the gold and  has  a large Manikhya gem in    its middle, looked like, another golden lotus  had flowered  on his belly, so that another Brahma   who created the world  would be born there.

1221.  Rama   wore the white silk dhothi on his    hips , which   was similar   to the black sea    which is the birthplace    of  lustrous  Manikhya gems   being hugged   by the  white cool   ocean of milk using its long arm of tides.

1222. The pearls that   are born in the sea   and the lustrous blue Maikhya  gems there, due to the reflection   of great light, by their movement   giving out the luster   of pure Gold resembled the Sun God going    round the  golden Meru, and like that Rama tied  the glittering sword   to his hip.

1223. With  the showering luster  of  pearls  chained together  in a row, tied by Rama   like an ornamented   belt  which was tied  round his waist, along with the sword  put in its scabbard  which was shining like Sun, Rama hung chained pearls  near it and it appeared like the early sun light.

1224. Merging   with luster  of those who see   with  the luster of gems were the Kimpuri which was made by hand  like a mouth of a shark, and from  the gems which represented the teeth there, the white light reflectd, and Rama   wore that ornament   on his thigh  so that he  can  be seen from distances  in all directions.

1225. Thinking how these  feet now would  measure   the world again,Rama wore the heroic anklets  which had the nature of individually stopping, and whose   workmanship cannot be understood, even if examined with care so that they would  surround and catch   his lotus like feet.

1226. After getting up from his bed of Adhi sesha, lighted with gems due to penance   of those  of the deva , and being born as a prince in Ayodhya  for  the sake of devas, Rama dressed himself   in this way. And he was none to compare but  himself after  that.

1227. He who was   the first  and the  root cause among the   trinity, who was the pleasure of those who cut off  the attachment to this world, who was the father of all, who is the nectar   of the ocean of milk, and who can only be comparable  to himself  was Rama, then how is it possible   to describe the    greatness of what he wore?

1228.Rama   gave  thousands of crowds  of cows and Gold, limitless land  and the nine precious gems  to the good people and  with the blessing of Brahmins   who had the rare   wealth, of the knowledge of Vedas, he came and climbed   in to his chariot.

1229. The chariot of Rama had a huge axel made  of Gold, had wheels made of silver , the travelling space  made  of Diamond, and all round it the precious  gems were  set and reflected    light to a long  distance, and was easily comparable to the Chariot of  Sun God with one wheel.

1230. Four horses which were   perfect as described   in the book, which had the  ability to look deeply , which were  filled with great beauty ,and which were  desired by all like dharma, wealth  , passion and salvation, were chained to the chariot of Rama  who  could know the nature  of matchless hearts.

1231. In such a great  chariot, similar  to Aruna being the charioteer, Bharatha   who had the eyes shedding tears of joy stood as charioteer, and  took in his hand the stick and Lakshmana  who held the bow that can be bent, also accompanied him  as also  his other brothers who were fanning  him  with a sauries (chamara)   with   handles  of gold.

1232.All the people   were looking at Rama  without closing their eyes like devas. I do not know whether this was due to   the prettiness of the body of Rama, or  possibly due  their thinking of beauty of Rama only by their patient  minds. You may please ascribe it to the reason   that you would prefer.

1233.  All those devas   who along with  the  crowd  of their ladies, who had come   and assembled in the   sky   started dancing, thinking that   the time  for  destruction of Rakshasas  who were  torturing all the worlds and who were not getting destroyed, has come.

1234. All the ladies of that town showered flowers   and perfumed   dust on Rama. They threw   profusely shining gems, gold and apparel to others due to extreme joy, possibly because    they were with joy, drinking     the great beauty   of Rama. We are  not able to ascribe any other reason for the acts of these women.

1235. Like giving away all that they have   and telling, “take away all that we wear”, all those   ladies who saw the great Rama   due   to their great  desire, towards Rama, stood there with all their ornaments getting loose  and falling down.

1236.  Surrounded by all the kings, without leaving out any one, who were all armed with weapons that can be thrown, and were standing like a crowd of elephants, Rama reached, the marriage hall where  King Dasaratha was sitting,  like  The Sun with red rays of light   approaching   the hug , Meru mountain, riding   on his great chariot.

1237. That Rama decorated  by  flowers,  who was  capable of giving boons, after getting down from the chariot   in that place, took  the hands of his brothers Bharata and Lakshmana   who were standing  on both his sides  saluted   the sinless   great sages, saluted the feet of his father,
who has taken, “following dharma”    as his penance, and sat near his father.

1238. Like a  red flower branch of the color of gold   carrying  the moon, with a bow   on   whose top were the Kayal fishes, with jasmine buds, slightly opening in the moon, Sita   appeared   on the eastern corner  of  the chariot, which was like   the lady who was born in the ocean with waves, being borne in the earth  and she being born again at the top of the mountain.

1239. All  those devas who were thankful , addressing Rama told that   “This day when you are  garlanding  Sita   appears to be more pretty, than that  holy  day(Lakshmi)   when you garlanded   the lady with   the scented and pretty hair who was born when we   were churning the ocean.”

1240.Because the beauty of this lady   would be greater  than, all the beauty that can be found  in land of devas, this earth, surrounded by the roaring ocean and land of serpents, what shall I, who has very little knowledge ,   say, about   the festival   of her wedding   which   was performed.

1241. To see the beauty   of  that bride and groom    Devendra   came along  with his wife Sachi on the sky. Lord Shiva   who wears   the young crescent with his wife,and  Lord Brahma  who lives in a lotus  came with Goddess  of the Learning.

1242. Surrounded by  Brahmins wearing the sacred   thread, and who were experts in Vedas, the great sage Vasishta   came to conduct the wedding as per tradition    along with, instruments like plough  that were needed with great joy.

1243.He then spread the sand, kept  Dharba grass  in proper places created a circular  place as per rules, poured ghee  with tender flowers, and lit the sacrificial fire  and proceeded   to  carry out the rituals   as per the rules laid down in the  Vedas.

1244. Coming with perfumed materials   and who  sat  on seats for wedding  and that hero who was victorious  and  that  swan like lady   who was having great love, were   appearing like the great pleasure   and  the Yoga needed to enjoy it.

1245. King Janaka stood before    the son of the emperor   and saying, “You please   live with stability  like Lord Vishnu  and Goddess  Lakshmi, who sit on the  lotus flowerand  Poured  pure cool   water  on to the  lotus    flower  like   hand  of Rama.

1246. That  time the sound of the blessing of Brahmins   and the songs of “long live”  by the ladies   who were wearing rare  ornaments the words of greeting   by   the kings    who were wearing flower garlands, the  sound of blessing of great sages    joined   together, and the sound from auspicious musical   instruments   roused  a great blasting sound.

1247. With the   rain of flowers  of devas , with gold flower showered by kings, with   lustrous pure pearls    showered   by all others   and with flowers , which had opened by themselves , the earth was like the  star studded sky. with stars.

1248.Then the great  hero Rama  , after  telling the Swaha  chants thrice, put   the  offerings in   along with ghee   in to the hot fire and then held the tender  palms of that lady  with  his hand.

1249. Along with the broad   shouldered  Rama , for performing, the rites   on fire , when she   was  walking around the hot fire, Sita with feminine qualities,  like the soul following  the body  in different births, followed Rama like  the body following the soul.

1250.Then they went round the fire and saluted it, again came round it , saluted and put into the fire things like  puffed rice   and other offerings, stepped   on the lustrous   grinding stone   and saw  Arundathi   who was   very famous   for her stable virtue.

1251. After completing all other rituals that need to be done, after  saluting   the very pleased   sages   of great penance , after saluting    the king of kings , holding  the hands, of Sita where she was wearing golden bangles ,  he went inside the palace   they were residing

1252,  The huge drums blared forth , the   conches boomed, the Sound of four Vedas   were heard the devas made loud cheers, all the  arts   made great sound, the sound of  “long live”   was  heard;the sound of bees was heard  and the oceans made   great sound.

1253. Then he saluted the   daughter of the Kekaya king, with more affection in his mind than towards   his own mother, then he  touched the feet of his mother and his head if wearing an ornament to his head, and  then he  saluted the feet of Sumithra  who had a pure mind.

1254. The swan like princess   also saluted   their gold like holy feet, and they all became greatly happy   and seeing that maid, who had virtue like Arundathi  they  told , “To our   good son,
She would  be a great ornament. ”

1255.  They hugged the nightingale  like   girl who was wearing  conch bangles and told,” To our dear son with pretty eyes which other girl would be more    suitable “ and with their eyes filled with  joy, filled  their minds also with joy.

1256. Then they said , “Let her  who is like an ornament for ladies,  get uncountable  crores   of gold coins, countless    crores  of pretty    rare   ornaments , host of lady assistants, several countries and  costly silk apparel  .”

1257. Rama   who was a  sea of mercy  like the black   ocean, as per the advice of wise  people who have   read  sea of books,along with Sita    who had an ocean of desire   in her mind  ,
retired  like he normally   takes   rest   in the ocean of milk.

1258.  In that day time when it was  Uthra star of Panguni month, after completing the marriage of  lion like Rama with thousand names, sage Vasishta   as per the branches of Vedas   lit the auspicious fire and, brought    the marriage    rituals    to an auspicious  end.

1259. Janaka with faultless   victories told  , “Please also marry, the three   daughters of my younger   brother , who are like, the lotus flowers   flowered in slushy mud  and  who are like Goddess Lakshmi, to the   younger brothers   of Rama  “ and in consultation,with Dasaratha   and other relatives   fixed the marriage.

1260. The three daughters   of  Janaka who was   wearing chest full  of garlands   made from harvested flowers, and  that of  Kusadwaja the brother  of Janaka  who held ladle    applied   with ghee, were ready     for the  marriage, and those brothers  married those  with eyes full of Kajal   
who were like  deva maidens    and who had fully come to age.

1261. After they all got married as   per their desire,  king Janaka, not giving   away  the fame that he had    earned for several years, gave away all the wealth that   he had earned as per truth and Dharma to all those    who wanted   it  and fulfilled all their wants.

1262. King Dasaratha also  like  Janaka gave lot of charity  and   enjoyedlimitless happiness   and   talking   with sages who had the wealth of penance as well as knowledge   
lived for some days in the town of Mithila   and slowly, the days  passed.


1263.  When Sita daughter of Janaka   and Rama   enjoyed  all pleasures as per the incarnation that they   have taken,  Viswamithra the sage who knew rules of life,after blessing  the groom and bride as per   the Vedic law,  travelled towards    the north   and reached  Himalayas   to do penance.